Your source for local news, sports, high school sports importance of national parks essay weather in and around Jefferson City, Columbia, Fulton and the Lake of the Ozarks. Lawsuits over herbicide dicamba to be heard in St.
Lawsuit cites concerns at St. This document may not be reprinted without the express written permission of News Tribune Publishing. Juneteenth, the celebration of the end of slavery. The African Americans: Many Rivers to Cross » What Is Juneteenth? The African Americans – Many Rivers to Cross – with Henry Louis Gates, Jr.
The people of Texas are informed that, in accordance with a proclamation from the Executive of the United States, all slaves are free. This involves an absolute equality of personal rights and rights of property between former masters and slaves, and the connection heretofore existing between them becomes that between employer and hired labor. The freedmen are advised to remain quietly at their present homes and work for wages. They are informed that they will not be allowed to collect at military posts and that they will not be supported in idleness either there or elsewhere. 13th Amendment abolishing slavery was well on its way to ratification. But Granger wasn’t just a few months late.
200,000 black men had enlisted in the fight. So, formalities aside, wasn’t it all over, literally, but the shouting? It would be easy to think so in our world of immediate communication, but as Granger and the 1,800 bluecoats under him soon found out, news traveled slowly in Texas. Lee had surrendered in Virginia, the Army of the Trans-Mississippi had held out until late May, and even with its formal surrender on June 2, a number of ex-rebels in the region took to bushwhacking and plunder. That’s not all that plagued the extreme western edge of the former Confederate states.
Since the capture of New Orleans in 1862, slave owners in Mississippi, Louisiana and other points east had been migrating to Texas to escape the Union Army’s reach. It looked like everybody in the world was going to Texas. When Texas fell and Granger dispatched his now famous order No. 3, it wasn’t exactly instant magic for most of the Lone Star State’s 250,000 slaves. On plantations, masters had to decide when and how to announce the news — or wait for a government agent to arrive — and it was not uncommon for them to delay until after the harvest. Those who acted on the news did so at their peril. Sabine River and shoot ’em.
Hardly the recipe for a celebration — which is what makes the story of Juneteenth all the more remarkable. 19th of June wasn’t the exact day the Negro was freed. April 3: the day Richmond, Va. April 9: the day Lee surrendered to Ulysses Grant at Appomattox, Va. Each of these anniversaries has its celebrants today.